1.1 Overview

TSolar, hydro, and bio-energy in form of biogas and biomass are the main exploited renewable resources.

The potential in solar energy accounts around 4.3 to 5.2 kWh/m2/day of solar irradiation with daily average sunshine time of around 8 hours, which makes solar energy in Rwanda one of the contemplated renewable energy resources for electricity generation. To date, there are three solar photovoltaic power plants connected to the grid, namely; GIGAWATT Global Solar Power, Jali Solar Power and Nasho Solar Power Plant located in Rwamagana, Gasabo and Kirehe districts respectively.

In line with Energy and Environment policies of Rwanda to gradually offset the use of wood and charcoal; the government has stepped forward to promote the use of modern bio-energy technologies, improved cooking facilities, and efficient cleaner fuels alternatives (biogas, pellets, briquettes, etc.) to improve efficient use of Bio-energy.

Hydroelectricity is much developed with a significant share in the power generation mix. In addition to that, almost all isolated grid systems are based on mini/pico hydropower or solar technology.
RURA plays regulatory roles in renewable energy sub-sector. The following are activities done in regulating the sub-sector:

•    Grid/off grid renewable energy projects monitoring to ensure safe and efficient performance, as well as their compliance with rules and regulations in place;
•    Develop renewable energy regulatory tools to govern activities related to renewable energy development;
•    Monitor implementation of programmes dedicated to the development of renewable energy and energy efficiency;
•    Advise the government on the adoption of new schemes for emerging renewable energy technologies.

1.2 Laws and Regulations