Water supply and sanitation services play a significant role in human welfare and is a prerequisite for socio economic development. The National Strategy for Transformation (NST) sets the target of reaching 100% of access to potable water and sanitation by 2024 from 85% and 84% respectively as of 2017.
The responsibility of RURA in achieving the NST targets is to regulate water supply and sanitation services which include water supply in urban and rural areas, liquid waste collection and transportation, decentralized wastewater treatment systems, cleaning, solid waste collection and transportation, hazardous waste management as well as waste recycling.
During the period under review (2017-2018), water production increased by 0.8% from 47,709,233 to 48,113,326 m3 /year. A new Water Treatment Plant (Nzove I) with the production capacity of 40,000 m3 /day was completed and an upgrading of Nzove II from 25,000 m3 /day to 40,000 m3 /day was done.
Water supply was increased by 5,2% and connections to water supply network were increased by 7.6% to reach 207,408 connected customers by June 2018.
For rural water supply, twelve (12) new licenses were granted to private service providers making a total number of 47 licensed rural water operators. All 27 Districts have established District WASH Boards and twenty (20) Districts have in place WATSAN officers to oversee the management of rural water supply schemes.
Rapid Assessment of Drinking Water Quality (RADWQ) was conducted in order to have a baseline data on drinking water quality in rural areas. During this year under review (2017-2018), RURA acquired Water quality monitoring tools for a regular checking of water quality.
In sanitation, the total number of licensed operators is 145 operators for cleaning service provision, 6 for liquid waste management, 28 operators for solid waste collection and transportation and 3 for waste recycling.
Water supply and sanitation sector recorded improvement however efforts are still needed to address high Non-Revenue Water, water demand higher than water supply in urban areas, existing old network with limited capacity.